Loan interest rates are expected to rise and bank rates are expected to change in May. Investment funds will adopt the swing pricing mechanism and management companies will have to start investing more in their own devices. These are the main regulatory and operational changes that are expected to start in May.
The State Bank of India (SBI), Axis Bank, Bank of Baroda, and Kotak Mahindra Bank increased their benchmark Marginal Cost of Funds-Based Lending Rates (MCLR) in April. SBI increased its MCLR for all mandates by 10 basis points and the other three banks increased them by 5 basis points. A basis point is one-hundredth of a percentage point.
SBI’s MCLR is 7.1% for a one-year term, 7.3% for a two-year term, and 7.4% for a three-year term. At Axis Bank, the MCLR is 7.4%, 7.5%, and 7.55% for terms of one, two, and three years, respectively.
The MCLR is an internal bank benchmark interest rate set by the Reserve Bank of India to help determine the minimum interest rate for various types of loans. The final rate includes the risk premium and the spread charged by banks.
For MCLR-affiliated borrowers, the interest rate will be reset according to the loan agreement. Typically, MCLR-linked mortgage loans have a reset clause every six to 12 months after the loan is originated. The cycle of rising interest rates comes after two years of the pandemic and will mainly affect mortgages, which are at historical lows.
Starting May 1, Kotak Mahindra Bank will adopt new standards for savings and salary account holders. The bank has increased the commission for not reaching the minimum balance. Rs 50 will be added to the 5% loss fee capped at Rs 500 or Rs 600 depending on account type.
The bank will also introduce charges for checks issued and returned for nonfinancial reasons, including incomplete, different, and illegible signatures. Each instance costs the client 50 rupees.
Fees for paid checks returned checks and failed standing orders fees have been increased from Rs 100 to Rs 200 per case.
Starting May 1, the Securities and Exchange Board of India will introduce variable pricing for mutual funds, programs intended to discourage sudden bailouts by large investors. The new framework, which aims to ensure fairness in the treatment of incoming, outgoing, and existing investors in mutual funds, particularly during market dislocations, was due to apply from March 1 but was postponed until. May postponed.
The swing pricing framework is only required for subprime perpetual loan programs as they contain risky securities relative to others. All asset management companies must provide clear explanations with illustrations in plan disclosure materials and information on how the price change works, how it is triggered, and the impact it has on shareholdings for incoming and outgoing investors.
Swing prices apply to all unitholders at the PAN level with exceptions for redemptions of up to Rs 2 lakh for each mutual fund in normal times and during market disruptions. AMC’s must-have swing pricing policies and procedures are approved by their boards and trustees.
Fund houses will have to invest more in their own funds from May under SEBI regulations. The aim is to reconcile the interests of asset managers with those of their investors. AMCs invest 0.03% to 0.13% of their assets in their own mutual funds. The amount of these investments depends on the risk level of the plan. The level of risk is determined according to the risk measurement framework.
AMCs must maintain investments in their own systems at all times until the term expires or the system is shut down. You must ensure that the minimum amount remains invested and must conduct quarterly reviews to ensure compliance.