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Guide to start investing for beginners

Guide to start investing for beginners - (A)

If you want to start investing in the stock market, a good understanding of stocks and shares is essential. Regular investments, in addition to avoiding financial risks, can help you save a significant amount of money over a longer period of time. Here are some tips that can help beginners save money for the future.

Define your goals

Setting long-term goals can be very beneficial when investing in stocks. Whether you want to save for your own retirement or your children’s education, to buy real estate, or for other reasons, setting long-term goals will help you better understand the importance of saving. If you are investing in an investment vehicle or program for a short period of time and want to withdraw your money after a few years, another investment vehicle may be considered to invest in, as stock market volatility offers no certainty as to whether you will have access to your money if necessary.

Your investment portfolio will grow based on factors such as the amount of principal invested, the investment period and the annual net capital gains. It is advisable to start investing as soon as possible, as it can help you save a significant amount of money.

risk level

The level of risk associated with the investment option you choose should be carefully considered before investing your money in anything. The best way to identify the risks associated with different products and the best option is to make a thorough comparison between different diets. This allows you to determine the risk level of each product and invest your money accordingly. Understanding the risk associated with investments will help you avoid instruments that can create losses.

control of emotions

One of the main requirements to invest in the stock market is to control your emotions. The market sentiment towards a company is revealed by the price of its shares. For example, if most investors are skeptical about the prospects of a particular company, the stock and share prices will fall. When investors trust a particular company, the price of its stocks and shares rises. Investors who are positive about the market are called bulls and their negative counterparts are called bears. Stock price movements are influenced by the ongoing conflict between bears and bulls, and short-term price swings are driven by speculation, rumors, and emotions rather than a systematic analysis of stock prices. prospects, assets, and management of the company.

With share prices in flux, investors are beginning to feel uncertainty and stress, leading to questions about whether or not to sell their shares to avoid losses, or hold on to the shares and wait for a rally. Since stocks are primarily driven by emotions, it is important to ensure that all factors are carefully considered before making a final decision.

study the stock market

Before making any investment, a stock market beginner is advised to study the basics of the stock market, including the different securities that make up the market. Areas to focus on include order types, financial and metric definitions, different types of investment accounts, investment timing, stock selection methods, and more. A deep understanding of the stock market will ensure that you are in a good position. able to assess the risks and make the right decision.

investment diversification

Stock diversification is mostly done by experienced investors after doing all the research to classify and calculate the risk involved in their investment. However, beginners need to gain some stock market experience before attempting to diversify their investments.

Exposure diffusion is one of the preferred methods of risk management. If you buy shares in five different companies and assume that the prices of each investment will continue to rise, there may be situations where two of the companies have performed exceptionally and their price has risen 25% compared to the shares of two other companies. . 10% each, and the shares of the fifth company were liquidated to settle a major lawsuit. Because stock liquidation creates a loss for the investor, diversification can help you offset that loss with the earnings of other companies, making it better for the investor than having to invest in just one company.

Avoid leverage

Leverage is the process of borrowing and using it to implement your trading plans. For margin accounts, brokerage firms and banks may extend credit to purchase shares, usually 50% of face value. So if an investor decides to buy 100 shares at say Rs 500, the total cost would be Rs 50,000, the purchase can be completed with a loan of around 50% (Rs 25,000) from a brokerage firm.

The use of borrowed funds affects the evolution of prices. For example, if the price of each share rises to Rs 1,000 per share and the investor decides to sell it, his return on investment would be 100% if he had used his own funds (Rs 1 lacs minus Rs 50,000 divided by Rs 50,000). If Rs 25,000 was borrowed to buy the shares and sold at Rs 1,000 each, the return is 300% (Rs 1 lac minus Rs 25,000 divided by Rs 25,000) after the value of the stock has been liquidated. loan of Rs 25,000.

The outlook is excellent if the share price rises. However, a drop in the stock means that you lose a significant amount of money on your original investment, in addition to the interest costs that you must pay to the broker.

By following these simple tips, you will be able to understand the stock market well and invest your money in instruments that can generate significant profits over time.



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