First of all. “Coronavirus” is not the name of the pathogen that has made people sick and dead around the world in recent months.
Coronaviruses are actually a large family of viruses named after the corona effect created by spikes on their surface. These are actually proteins that help them get into human cells. Some coronaviruses cause colds.
Do not confuse Sars-Cov-2 with the coronavirus which caused the onset of a severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003: they are related but not identical.
It is the name of the respiratory illness caused by the new coronavirus. The acronym Coronavirus Disease 2019 was first discovered when a series of mysterious cases of pneumonia occurred in the Chinese city of Wuhan late last year. (Also pronounce Covid-19 as a word: “ko-vid-nineteen”.)
The new coronavirus is mainly transmitted by breath drops that leave the mouth or nose of an infected person when it coughs or breathes out, and when it is inhaled or ingested by a healthy person, or transferred manually to his eyes from a contaminated surface. , Nose or mouth.
There is now evidence that the coronavirus can be resistant to surfaces for a long time: a recent American study. The USA It has been shown to survive up to four hours on copper, one day on cardboard and two or three days on plastic and stainless steel. It also survives in aerosols (droplets in the air) for up to three hours.
Infected people appear to transmit the virus to two or three others on average. There is no specific vaccine or antiviral treatment yet, only supportive measures. (The first human attempt with a human vaccine began in mid-March in the United States.)
The following is a list of precautions based on information from the World Health Organization, the Government of India, and the United States’ disease control centers. USA
Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or with a hand sanitizer (disinfectant) containing at least 60% alcohol. Soap, in particular, is very effective because it dissolves the fatty membrane of coronaviruses and “falls apart like a house of cards”, according to a tweet from the University of Chemistry recently published by Pall Thordarson (@PalliThordarson) from New South Wales tweet.
Stop touching your face. Yes, we know it is REALLY difficult, but it prevents the virus from spreading to your eyes, mouth or nose if your hands have been contaminated by contact with a surface or a patient.
If you cough or sneeze, cover your face with a bent elbow or handkerchief, which you must then quickly and safely remove.
Practice social distancing. The Indian government is already encouraging the public to stay in their homes unless it is absolutely necessary, and that is a good thing. If you have to go outside, make sure you are at least 1 meter from other people. In fact, many recommend a distance of almost 2 meters. Avoid meetings and, if possible, work from home.
If you are an elderly person or if you suffer from pre-existing illnesses such as heart disease or diabetes, social distance and other precautions are particularly important. India asked people over the age of 65 and under the age of 10 to stay at home.
Not everyone should wear a mask. Use one only if you have a fever, cough, or difficulty breathing, treat a suspected or confirmed Covid-19 patient, or if you are a healthcare professional working with patients with respiratory symptoms. Place your mask firmly around your nose, mouth, and chin. Do not touch it, especially the outside surface (which may be contaminated) during use, and wash your hands with soap or an alcohol-based disinfectant after removal. Do not reuse disposable masks. Replace yours after six hours or when it gets wet.
Avoid handshakes and hugs when greeting people.
Avoid all non-essential travel.
Don’t panic, but don’t be complacent either.